The big change in migration in the last month & the last 12 months is the rise in exits from New Zealand.
Statistics NZ’s latest figures, for May, show arrivals down by 240 compared to May last year, but departures up by 550. For the year, arrivals were down by 200 but departures were up by 5500.
The net results for the month are that migrant arrivals fell to 8140 (8386 a year earlier), departures rose to 5818 (5269) and the net inflow fell to 2322 (3117).
For the year to May, the inflow fell marginally to 130,209 (130,403), the exits rose to 63,966 (58,439) and the net inflow fell to 66,243 (71,964).
The net outflow to Australia was down from 486 in April to 340 in May. In May last year the net flow was 45 to New Zealand. For the year to May, there was a net outflow of 547 compared to a net inflow of 790 in the previous 12 months and 1739 inflow in the May 2016 year.
Australia was the only country where the flow turned negative, but net inflows from 2 other countries were well down – China by 1940 to a net 8278, and the UK by 1021 to a net 5513. The inflow from India was down by 826 to a net 6767.
As is most usual, more Kiwis left than came home in May and in the 12 months to May – net outflows of 1090 for the month, 1386 for the year.
The Kiwi departure rate topped 60,000 (61,849) in the May 2012 year, and the net Kiwi outflow that year was 39,413. 500 more Kiwis left that year than citizens of all other countries arrived. The net flow in those 12 months, all migrants, was outward by 3653.
Since then, the net inflow doubled in the May 2013 year to 6242, was 6 times higher in 2014 at 36,397, and hit 71,964 last year. The peak was 72,402 in the 12 months to July 2017.
The net outflow of NZ citizens to Australia was 39,460 in the May 2012 year, a few more than the total Kiwi outflow, so somebody must have come home. Since 2012, the Kiwi net outflow to Australia fell to 34,011, then slumped to 13,587, and in the last 4 years has been a trickle – 6169, 3664, 4423 & 5559.
In Auckland, arrivals were down slightly in May to 3691 (3787) and departures up slightly to 2136 (1888) for a net inflow of 1555 (1899) for the month, and down for the year to 33,695 (36,270).
With changes to house-buying laws imminent through the Overseas Investment Bill now before Parliament, the kind of visa people are on becomes more important. The annual statistics show holders of residence visas down at 14,109 (16,736), student visas down slightly to 23,670 (23,740), work visas up to 46,536 (44,459).
Attribution: Statistics NZ.