New Zealand’s migrant intake for the 12 months to July has slipped 8600 below the record net inflow the previous year, the result of a 3000 decline in arrivals and a 5600 increase in exits.
Arrivals from Australia were up by 1200, and exits to Australia were up by 360 – a turnaround of just over 1500 from a net inflow to New Zealand in 2017 to a larger net outflow in the latest 12 months.
The net outflow of NZ citizens to Australia got close to 40,000 in the July 2012 year, declined to about 3600 by 2016 and has risen to just over 6000 in the latest 12 months.
The pressure on Auckland eased in July through a combination of fewer arrivals & more exits, cutting the net inflow by almost 4200 over 12 months.
The bald statistics:
Net migrant inflow July: 5331 (6547 in July last year)
Net migrant inflow July year: 63,779 (the peak was 72,402 in the 12 months to last July)
Migrants into Auckland in July: 5140 (5440)
Migrants into Auckland in July year: 57,589 (59,447)
Net Auckland inflow in July: 2532 (3126)
Net Auckland inflow in July year: 32,575 (36,753)
Net trans-Tasman flows in July: net outflow of 260 (11); NZ citizens net outflow 620 (378), non-citizens net inflow 360 (367)
Net trans-Tasman flows in July year: 1080 net outflow (469 inflow); NZ citizens 6010 net outflow (4769), non-citizens net inflow 4930 (5238)
Overall net flows in July: NZ citizens net outflow 809 (345), non-citizens net inflow 6140 (6892)
Overall net flows in July year: NZ citizens net outflow 2234 (1112), non-citizens net inflow 66,013 (73,514).
Non-citizen arrivals reached 99,654 in the July 2017 year, falling to 97,312 for the latest 12 months. Non-citizen departures rose in both of the last 2 years, by 4000 in 2017 to 26,140, then by over 5000 to 31,299 in the latest 12 months.
NZ net migration rate higher than Australia’s
Statistics NZ population insights senior manager Brooke Theyers said New Zealand’s current gain from net migration for the June 2018 year equated to 13 people:1000 population (population at 30 June given as 4,885,300). Similar net migration rates were experienced in the spike of the early 2000s.
“The more recent net migration rates are high for New Zealand and high by international standards. Smaller countries like New Zealand & Ireland tend to have larger swings in net migration rates simply because they have a small population. In contrast, countries with large populations tend to have low net migration rates.”
Germany had a net migration rate of 14:1000 in 2015. Given its population of about 82 million then, this equated to net migration of over 1.1 million people in that year.
Mrs Theyers said New Zealand’s current migration rate was almost 4 times as high as the UK’s & the US’s, which both had net migration rates of 3.4:1000 in the June 2017 year.
Australia’s net immigration in the June 2017 year was 262,489, up 27.3% (56,300) on 2015-16. The population at the end of 2017 was put at 24.77 million, so its migration rate was about 10.6:1000 (based on 2 statistics 6 months apart).
Attribution: Statistics NZ release, Australian Bureau of Census & Statistics.