Maori & Pacific Islanders have taken a far bigger hit in home ownership over the last 30 years than the rest of the population, Statistics NZ said yesterday.
The overall decline in ownership was 15.3%, but for Maori it was 20% and Pacific people 34.8%. In some bigger North Island cities the declines were even larger.
Statistics NZ said home ownership peaked nationally in 1991: “Three-quarters of all people in households lived in an owner-occupied dwelling. At the time, around half of Maori & Pacific people lived in an owner-occupied dwelling.
“Between 1986-2013, the proportion of New Zealand’s population living in dwellings not owned by the household increased from around one-quarter to over one-third of the population (24.8% to 36.3%) – up 46.4%. As home-ownership rates have declined, Maori & Pacific people have also been increasingly living in properties rented from private landlords, businesses or a trust, rather than from other sources.”
Report author Rosemary Goodyear said the research showed the proportion of Maori living in private rentals had increased by 88.3% since 1986, compared to a 42.7% increase for the total population.
“The falls in home ownership did not just occur in our largest cities. For Maori, falls were close to 40% in the Whangarei, southern Auckland, Tauranga, Rotorua & Hastings urban areas.
The decline in home-ownership rates for all Pacific people in Auckland was similar, down over 40% in western & southern Auckland.
Dr Goodyear said her report aimed to provide extra information around changes in home ownership and give agencies working with Maori & Pacific people the information they need: “We hope this information will be useful to policymakers wanting to draft policy around home ownership & renting. Evidence shows us that people living in rented dwellings tend to experience more problems with housing quality and this can affect people’s health & well-being.”
Attribution: Statistics NZ release.