Demolition has started along Bader Drive in Mangere for the next major regeneration project for state housing areas in Auckland.
The programme envisages 2700 older state houses being replaced by 10,000 new homes over the next 10-15 years, in roughly equal mixes of intensive & standalone, and state, affordable & market-price.
Mangere has joined Northcote, Mt Roskill & Oranga (near Onehunga) as a focus for largescale urban development by Housing NZ and its subsidiary, HLC (2017) Ltd (originally Hobsonville Land Co Ltd).
Hobsonville is different because it’s been all about new housing, with only a few former Defence Force homes displaced. In the other areas – and in the Government’s Tamaki programme with Auckland Council – large numbers of state houses are being demolished to make way for more intensive subdivisions containing homes that meet modern standards.
While existing residents are necessarily displaced, Housing, Urban Development & Transport Minister Phil Twyford said on Friday those residents would be at the top of the priority list for new homes.
He emphasised the ultimate aim of community, not just housing, and particularly access to jobs.
Light rail a factor
Mr Twyford said regeneration would be a hallmark of this government: The Mangere project is “alongside the light rail site [from the cbd to Mt Roskill and on to the airport], which will deliver 21st century rapid transit to these communities and will be a powerful stimulant for economic development, attracting investment into these communities.”
He said light rail would prove a powerful magnet for private investment around rail stops, and would also connect Mangere “to the biggest concentration of jobs in the region [around the airport]… This community has been starved of good public transport for too long.”
Mr Twyford also said it was important that the project retained the existing community, although new price & ownership options would obviously bring change: “It is not our policy to run a regeneration programme that pushes values up and pushes the community out. It’s a policy to build homes & security. Families living in this community will get priority. [But] mixed communities are strong communities. That’s why we want private [in the mix].”
“We’re also working on ideas to include in the mix for this community tenure-secure rental.”
That’s the kind of long-term rental common in Europe, where large portfolios of rental housing have become a popular investment option for US, European & Australian property investment companies.
One issue for critics is how the cost of such developments will be met. Mr Twyford was adamant: “This project will wash its face. We’re redeveloping publicly owned land, reinvesting capital into homes. The KiwiBuild homes will be supported by the $2 billion KiwiBuild fund, and there will be community & residential development alongside the light rail route.”
The KiwiBuild homes would be priced under the Auckland KiwiBuild price caps of $650,000 for 3 bedrooms, $600,000 for 2 bedrooms. In addition, Mr Twyford said, “We’re working hard to put in place a shared equity scheme, which will make it possible for a lot of people to take part in the KiwiBuild scheme, reducing the upfront costs a buyer has to pay.
“We’re mobilising capital – public, and hopefully private as well – to get families into homes. And we’re working with Maori to look at ways we can work with iwi to ensure whenua Maori get a fair share of the homes.
Mangere about 40% of regeneration programme
The Mangere development will make up about 40% of HLC’s Auckland housing programme – 10,000 of the 24,300 new homes around the region over the next 10 years (or 10-15 years for Mangere).
The start last week was on demolition of houses in the first stages of the regeneration programme (in colour on the aerial picture), along Bader Drive between McKenzie Rd & Mangere College.
Housing NZ has about 100 redevelopments underway around Auckland, ranging in scope from a property or 2 through to largescale developments involving 1000 or more new homes. The programme, begun in June 2016, has a target of delivering over 10 years:
- almost 11,500 additional new state houses
- over 12,800 new affordable & market-priced homes.
Related stories, 16 July 2018:
Putting change in context
Robertson outlines focus shift from GDP measure to wellbeing
Demolition starts on Mangere regeneration project
Finance minister calls Productivity Commission in to examine local body funding
Attribution: Mangere presentation, site visit, HLC release.